Kuniyoshi Utagawa, Asai Nakamasa, Heroes of the Grand Pacification
Artist: Kuniyoshi Utagawa (1797-1861)
Title: Asai Bizen-no kami Nakamasa
Series: Heroes of the Grand Pacification
Publisher: Yamamoto-ya Heikichi
Date: c. 1848 - 1849
Size: 24.7 x 34.8 cm
Original Japanese woodblock print.
Asai Nagamasa in full military equipment is sitting on a campstool covered with a tiger's pelt. He is bent forward and is drawing his sword out. Another warrior sits by Asai and presents him a severed head on a wooden platter. Holding a brush in his right hand, he will make a record of the events on the sheet of paper at his feet. The scene seems to be taking place in a military camp and vividly shows the grim reality of war.
Kuniyoshi's series 'Heroes of the Grand Pacification' consists of fifty vertical oban format prints. Each print is signed Ichiyusai Kuniyoshi ga (drawn by Ichiyusai Kuniyoshi). The artist's paulownia leaf and flower seal is printed in red under his signature. The subject is named in large characters in the upper right hand corner of each print. A biographical note fills the upper portion of each print.
Kuniyoshi Utagawa (1797 - 1861)
Kuniyoshi Utagawa can without a doubt be considered the master of the warrior print genre. Born in Edo (today’s Tokyo) as the son of a silk-dyer, he had first-hand experience that later influenced the rich use of colour and textile patterns in his prints. His early talent and his drawings impressed the ukiyo-e print master Toyokuni I Utagawa and he was officially admitted to his studio in 1811, becoming one of his chief pupils. He remained an apprentice until 1814, at which time he was given the name ‘Kuniyoshi’ and set out as an independent artist.
His break-through came in 1827 with the series of ‘The 108 Heroes of The Tale of Suikoden’, which is based on a Chinese novel of the same name from the 14th century. It contains tales of about 108 rebels and heroic bandits that were very popular in Japan during Kuniyoshi’s lifetime, as their strong feelings of justice resonated with the Edo public with limited freedom and under strict government laws. A series of reforms in the 1840s banned the illustration of courtesans and kabuki actors in ukiyo-e. The government-created limitations became a kind of artistic challenge which actually encouraged Kuniyoshi's creativity by forcing him to find ways to veil criticism of the government allegorically. He also played a major role in tattoo designs in woodblock prints, with many of his works still being a source of inspiration for contemporary tattoo artists.
The warriors and heroes Kuniyoshi continuously designed were extremely popular and gave the artist the nickname of ‘Kuniyoshi of Warrior Prints’. Dynamic bodies and stern expressions were characteristic to his warriors, lending them a powerful and strong look. The commercial success of his warriors gave Kuniyoshi the freedom to explore other subjects of ukiyo-e, such as animals, birds, flowers, beautiful women, monsters and ghosts. His compositions are replete with humour and often involve witty wordplay. His most spectacular triptychs of warriors resonate even in contemporary culture, with influence in modern graphic media such as manga. His most famous designs include ‘The Ghosts of Taira Attack Yoshitsune at Daimotsu Bay’ and ‘Princess Takiyasha Summons a Skeleton Spectre to Frighten Mitsukuni’.
Kuniyoshi was an excellent teacher and had numerous pupils who continued his branch of the Utagawa school. Among the most notable were Yoshitoshi, Yoshitora, Yoshiiku, Yoshikazu, Yoshitsuya, and Yoshifuji. As they became established as independent artists, many went on to develop highly innovative styles of their own.
|Print Format||Oban (Vertical)|
|Artist||Kuniyoshi Utagawa (1797 - 1861)|
|Subject||Samurai & Male|
|Size||24.7 x 34.8 cm|
|Condition Report||Darkened edges and spots throughout the print. Wormholes on the top right corner. Pinholes along the right-hand side edge. Faint crease marks around the warriors and on the bottom left corner. Paper slightly trimmed.|
|Series||Heroes of the Grand Pacification::Kuniyoshi Utagawa|