Kuniyoshi Utagawa, Faithful Samurai, Oboshi Rikiya Yoshikane

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Original Japanese woodblock print.

Artist: Kuniyoshi Utagawa (1798-1861)
Title: 2. Oboshi Rikiya Yoshikane
Series: Stories of the True Loyalty of the Faithful Samurai
Publisher: Ebiya Rinnosuke
Date: 1847-1848
Dimensions: 24.7 x 35.6 cm
Condition: Minor foxing. Some corners backed. Paper partially soiled. Pinhole.

 

 

If push comes to shove
throw down your life if you must -
viewing snow drops fall

 

The haiku concluding the accompanying text of Rikiya's miniature biography expresses the young warriors determination to the forty-seven rōnin's cause. The son of Ōboshi Yoshio, the leader of the revenge plot to reclaim their executed lord's dignity, his father was initially hesitant to let him join the other warriors in their quest for redemption. Although tall and strong for his age, Ōboshi acknowledged his son's sensitivity, especially in regards to his mother, fearing he might eventually regret joining the rōnin's mission. Overhearing this excuse, Rikiya was enraged and proved his dedication to his father by preparing to commit seppuku right away. Restrained by his fellows, Ōboshi recognised his son's commitment and finally brought him in on the plan. In the series, he is shown seated with a spear like his father. Hanging from just below the spear head, he holds the helmet and dogtooth robe associated with the forty-seven rõnin.

Kuniyoshi Utagawa (1797 - 1861)


Kuniyoshi Utagawa can without a doubt be considered the master of the warrior print genre. Born in Edo (today’s Tokyo) as the son of a silk-dyer, he had first-hand experience that later influenced the rich use of colour and textile patterns in his prints. His early talent and his drawings impressed the ukiyo-e print master Toyokuni I Utagawa and he was officially admitted to his studio in 1811, becoming one of his chief pupils. He remained an apprentice until 1814, at which time he was given the name ‘Kuniyoshi’ and set out as an independent artist.

His break-through came in 1827 with the series of ‘The 108 Heroes of The Tale of Suikoden’, which is based on a Chinese novel of the same name from the 14th century. It contains tales of about 108 rebels and heroic bandits that were very popular in Japan during Kuniyoshi’s lifetime, as their strong feelings of justice resonated with the Edo public with limited freedom and under strict government laws. A series of reforms in the 1840s banned the illustration of courtesans and kabuki actors in ukiyo-e. The government-created limitations became a kind of artistic challenge which actually encouraged Kuniyoshi's creativity by forcing him to find ways to veil criticism of the government allegorically. He also played a major role in tattoo designs in woodblock prints, with many of his works still being a source of inspiration for contemporary tattoo artists. 

The warriors and heroes Kuniyoshi continuously designed were extremely popular and gave the artist the nickname of ‘Kuniyoshi of Warrior Prints’. Dynamic bodies and stern expressions were characteristic to his warriors, lending them a powerful and strong look. The commercial success of his warriors gave Kuniyoshi the freedom to explore other subjects of ukiyo-e, such as animals, birds, flowers, beautiful women, monsters and ghosts. His compositions are replete with humour and often involve witty wordplay. His most spectacular triptychs of warriors resonate even in contemporary culture, with influence in modern graphic media such as manga. His most famous designs include ‘The Ghosts of Taira Attack Yoshitsune at Daimotsu Bay’ and ‘Princess Takiyasha Summons a Skeleton Spectre to Frighten Mitsukuni’.

Kuniyoshi was an excellent teacher and had numerous pupils who continued his branch of the Utagawa school. Among the most notable were Yoshitoshi, Yoshitora, Yoshiiku, Yoshikazu, Yoshitsuya, and Yoshifuji. As they became established as independent artists, many went on to develop highly innovative styles of their own.

More Information
Print FormatOban (Vertical)
ArtistKuniyoshi Utagawa (1797 - 1861)
SubjectSamurai & Male
Size24.7 x 35.6 cm
SeriesThe Faithful Samurai::Kuniyoshi Utagawa
publisherEbiya Rinnosuke:1832-1895