Kuniyoshi Utagawa, Faithful Samurai, Tadao, Ronin

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JG1116ADE20
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Original Japanese woodblock print.

Artist: Kuniyoshi Utagawa (1798-1861)
Title: No 14. Otaka Gengo Tadao
Series: Stories of the True Loyalty of the Faithful Samurai
Publisher: Ebiya Rinnosuke
Date: c. 1850
Condition report: Restored wormhole. Small hole on the top right cartouche. Paper partially soiled. Minor stains. Small blue spot on the right side.
Dimensions: 24.7 x 35.7 cm

 

It has the power
to bend trees and fold mountains -
snow on pine branches

 

Written after the night of the fourty seven ronin's attack, Tadao muses on nature's power despite his wounds. Known for his extreme loyalty and aptitude for poetry, the warrior played a significant role in the vengeance of the masterless samurai. Although Tadao is said to have been a fashionable youth who often frequented the stylish establishments of the new capital of Edo, the warrior man used his knowledge of the arts and the city to profit his comrade's cause.

 

Behind the guise of the tea ceremony, Tadao entered the home of their target, Moronao, gaining valuable information for their assassination plot. The tenets of chadō [lit. the way of tea] explored various philosophical and aesthetic concepts in Japanese culture, using the passing time of tea to condense the arts and create a fleeting poetic moment. By its very nature the privacy of the ceremony, usually between two people or a very small group, permitted a safe zone for high-level political talk and the passing of dangerous information. Tadao is told to have utilised this aspect of the tea ceremony and his fashionable demeanour to successfully enter the home of his enemy. Kuniyoshi's fierce depiction of the warrior almost removes him from his artistic connoisseurship. His dogtooth robe flies up to his left as he dives towards his enemy with his spear, cutting diagonally across the design with his eyes fixed on his opponent. Still, Kuniyoshi is able to imbue the warrior's elegance with his arched back and arms giving his fighting pose surety and compactness as it follows the movement of his spear.

Kuniyoshi Utagawa (1797 - 1861)


Kuniyoshi Utagawa can without a doubt be considered the master of the warrior print genre. Born in Edo (today’s Tokyo) as the son of a silk-dyer, he had first-hand experience that later influenced the rich use of colour and textile patterns in his prints. His early talent and his drawings impressed the ukiyo-e print master Toyokuni I Utagawa and he was officially admitted to his studio in 1811, becoming one of his chief pupils. He remained an apprentice until 1814, at which time he was given the name ‘Kuniyoshi’ and set out as an independent artist.

His break-through came in 1827 with the series of ‘The 108 Heroes of The Tale of Suikoden’, which is based on a Chinese novel of the same name from the 14th century. It contains tales of about 108 rebels and heroic bandits that were very popular in Japan during Kuniyoshi’s lifetime, as their strong feelings of justice resonated with the Edo public with limited freedom and under strict government laws. A series of reforms in the 1840s banned the illustration of courtesans and kabuki actors in ukiyo-e. The government-created limitations became a kind of artistic challenge which actually encouraged Kuniyoshi's creativity by forcing him to find ways to veil criticism of the government allegorically. He also played a major role in tattoo designs in woodblock prints, with many of his works still being a source of inspiration for contemporary tattoo artists. 

The warriors and heroes Kuniyoshi continuously designed were extremely popular and gave the artist the nickname of ‘Kuniyoshi of Warrior Prints’. Dynamic bodies and stern expressions were characteristic to his warriors, lending them a powerful and strong look. The commercial success of his warriors gave Kuniyoshi the freedom to explore other subjects of ukiyo-e, such as animals, birds, flowers, beautiful women, monsters and ghosts. His compositions are replete with humour and often involve witty wordplay. His most spectacular triptychs of warriors resonate even in contemporary culture, with influence in modern graphic media such as manga. His most famous designs include ‘The Ghosts of Taira Attack Yoshitsune at Daimotsu Bay’ and ‘Princess Takiyasha Summons a Skeleton Spectre to Frighten Mitsukuni’.

Kuniyoshi was an excellent teacher and had numerous pupils who continued his branch of the Utagawa school. Among the most notable were Yoshitoshi, Yoshitora, Yoshiiku, Yoshikazu, Yoshitsuya, and Yoshifuji. As they became established as independent artists, many went on to develop highly innovative styles of their own.

More Information
Print FormatOban (Vertical)
ArtistKuniyoshi Utagawa (1797 - 1861)
SubjectSamurai & Male
Size24.7 x 35.7 cm
SeriesThe Faithful Samurai::Kuniyoshi Utagawa
publisherEbiya Rinnosuke:1832-1895