Kuniyoshi Utagawa, Yamauba and Matsui Tamijiro, Kisokaido


Original Japanese woodblock print.

Artist: Kuniyoshi Utagawa (1798-1861)
Title: 17. Matsuida. Yamauba and Matsui Tamijiro 
Series: The Sixty-nine Post Stations of the Kisokaidō
Publisher: Tsujioka-ya Bunsuke
Date: 1852
Size: 24.9 x 35.6 cm
Condition: Backing. Small hole on top right corner. Blue pigment slightly spotted on the centre.


In Japanese art and literature, place names often have a significant importance and relate to famous stories or events. Kuniyoshi's series 'The Sixty-nine Post Stations of the Kisokaidō' is a clear exercise in this convention, playfully connecting the names of the post stations along the Kisokaidō, a mountainous road from Tokyo to Kyoto, with folkloric, historical and literary tales. For Matsuida post station, Kuniyoshi recounts a story of the samurai Matsui Tamijiro. Unable to cross a river infested with poisonous snakes, Matsui is helped by a yama-uba, a mountain witch. By applying an ointment to him, the snakes are dispersed and Matsui is eventually able to cross over to the opposing bank. Kuniyoshi's interest in European etchings is evident in the yama-uba's pose and attire which bear a distinctively Western touch compared to other contemporary depictions of these hermetic beings.

Kuniyoshi Utagawa (1797 - 1861)

Kuniyoshi Utagawa can without a doubt be considered the master of the warrior print genre. Born in Edo (today’s Tokyo) as the son of a silk-dyer, he had first-hand experience that later influenced the rich use of colour and textile patterns in his prints. His early talent and his drawings impressed the ukiyo-e print master Toyokuni I Utagawa and he was officially admitted to his studio in 1811, becoming one of his chief pupils. He remained an apprentice until 1814, at which time he was given the name ‘Kuniyoshi’ and set out as an independent artist.

His break-through came in 1827 with the series of ‘The 108 Heroes of The Tale of Suikoden’, which is based on a Chinese novel of the same name from the 14th century. It contains tales of about 108 rebels and heroic bandits that were very popular in Japan during Kuniyoshi’s lifetime, as their strong feelings of justice resonated with the Edo public with limited freedom and under strict government laws. A series of reforms in the 1840s banned the illustration of courtesans and kabuki actors in ukiyo-e. The government-created limitations became a kind of artistic challenge which actually encouraged Kuniyoshi's creativity by forcing him to find ways to veil criticism of the government allegorically. He also played a major role in tattoo designs in woodblock prints, with many of his works still being a source of inspiration for contemporary tattoo artists. 

The warriors and heroes Kuniyoshi continuously designed were extremely popular and gave the artist the nickname of ‘Kuniyoshi of Warrior Prints’. Dynamic bodies and stern expressions were characteristic to his warriors, lending them a powerful and strong look. The commercial success of his warriors gave Kuniyoshi the freedom to explore other subjects of ukiyo-e, such as animals, birds, flowers, beautiful women, monsters and ghosts. His compositions are replete with humour and often involve witty wordplay. His most spectacular triptychs of warriors resonate even in contemporary culture, with influence in modern graphic media such as manga. His most famous designs include ‘The Ghosts of Taira Attack Yoshitsune at Daimotsu Bay’ and ‘Princess Takiyasha Summons a Skeleton Spectre to Frighten Mitsukuni’.

Kuniyoshi was an excellent teacher and had numerous pupils who continued his branch of the Utagawa school. Among the most notable were Yoshitoshi, Yoshitora, Yoshiiku, Yoshikazu, Yoshitsuya, and Yoshifuji. As they became established as independent artists, many went on to develop highly innovative styles of their own.

More Information
Print FormatOban (Vertical)
ArtistKuniyoshi Utagawa (1797 - 1861)
SubjectSamurai & Male, Male & Female, Landscapes
Size24.9 x 35.6 cm
SeriesThe Sixty-nine Post Stations of the Kisokaido Road::Kuniyoshi Utagawa
publisherTsujiokaya Bunsuke:1814-1896