Utamaro Kitagawa, Dream, Profitable Visions in Daydreams of Glory


Artist: Utamaro I Kitagawa (1753-1806)
Title: Dream of A Young Woman
Series: Profitable Visions in Daydreams of Glory
Publisher: Tsutaya Juzaburo
Date: 1801
Dimensions: 25 x 38.3 cm

Original Japanese woodblock print. 


This print shows a young woman who has apparently fallen asleep while reading. Her dream is shown to be emerging above her head, at the top of the print. A cat is gazing at the images of the dream.


The cat, an animal which is said to bring good luck in Japanese culture, but which is also attributed with causing mischief, has a visibly amused face and is staring at what is happening in the young woman’s dream. Within the dream, a bandit is seemingly trying to steal the clothes of a man who could be the young woman’s lover. She is visibly embarrassed and is covering her eyes. The bandit is depicted as excessively hairy, animal-like and fat with extremely ill-fitting clothes. His animal-like qualities could be an allusion to the cat.


Profitable Visions in Daydreams of Glory is a humorous series, depicting the dreams of people of various walks of life and of various ages, giving the viewer an insight into the culture and everyday-life of Japan in the Edo period (c.1603-1868).

Utamaro I Kitagawa (1753 - 1806)

Utamaro Kitagawa is one of the most significant figures in the history of Japanese art. He is best known for his bijinga (prints of beautiful women) and a series of nature studies. He was and remains one of the artists best known outside of Japan, along with Hokusai Katsushika and Hiroshige I Utagawa. 

Born in 1753, he lived most of his life in Edo (today’s Tokyo) and in his childhood studied art under Sekien Toriyama (1712-1788). He later favoured Masanobu Kitao’s and Kiyonaga Torii’s aesthetic who were both famous for their elegantly elongated images of women. In 1788 Utamaro achieved wide recognition for his work when a number of albums of the highest compositional and technical quality aided him in this achievement. These albums were published by Tsutaya Juzaburo, the most famous publisher of his day, and with whom Utamaro would create a large amount of outstanding work. They joined forces to produce innovative designs, which included close-up portraits (okubi-e), three-quarter length portraits with shimmering mica powder background and a vast array of pictures of famous courtesans from Yoshiwara, the licensed red-light district. His style during this time is defined by graceful and elegant ladies, with rich and elaborate garments, posed in such a way that also revealed the inner beauty of the sitter. His favourite motifs were women at their everyday business, making themselves up, bathing, arranging their hair, walking in the garden, mothers with children, and pairs of lovers. 

Utamaro’s focus was always on character and expression. This type of portraits was unusual at the time, which Utamaro recognised and exploited, sometimes signing his work with ‘Utamaro the physiognomist’. Over the years, Utamaro also created shunga (erotic prints), although many these are unsigned due to their licentious nature and not being approved by governing authorities. Utamaro had a number of pupils, who took names such as Kikumaro (later Tsukimaro), Hidemaro, and Takemaro.

More Information
Print FormatOban (Vertical)
ArtistUtamaro I Kitagawa (1753 - 1806)
SubjectBeauty & Female, Samurai & Male, Male & Female
Size25 x 38.3 cm
Condition ReportLight discolouration from the previous mounting. Backing on top corners. Several pinholes. Some restored holes.