Utamaro Kitagawa, Osome and Hisamatsu, Lovers


Artist: Utamaro I Kitagawa (1753-1806)
Title: Osome And Hisamatsu
Series: Models of Love Talk: Clouds Form Over the Moon
Publisher: Yamaguchiya Chuemon/Chusuke
Date: c. 1800
Dimensions: 26 x 38.6 cm

Original Japanese woodblock print. 


“Models of Love Talk: Clouds Form Over The Moon” is a series depicting couples from various tragic love stories. This print shows Osome and Hisamatsu, the daughter of a wealthy pawn-broker and an apprentice to the shop. They are communicating with each other secretly via hand-gestures behind an older man’s back while he reads a letter worryingly. The older man depicted here could be Osome’s father.


The story involving these two is a popular theme in kabuki theatre. Both characters are expected to marry someone other than their lover, but they do not want to be separated from each other. In desperation, they decide to commit double suicide. Introducing the old man into the composition alludes to the metaphor hidden in this series’ title. Like a cloud that forms over the moon, obstructing its light, the interloper casts a shadow on the happiness of this couple.

Utamaro I Kitagawa (1753 - 1806)

Utamaro Kitagawa is one of the most significant figures in the history of Japanese art. He is best known for his bijinga (prints of beautiful women) and a series of nature studies. He was and remains one of the artists best known outside of Japan, along with Hokusai Katsushika and Hiroshige I Utagawa. 

Born in 1753, he lived most of his life in Edo (today’s Tokyo) and in his childhood studied art under Sekien Toriyama (1712-1788). He later favoured Masanobu Kitao’s and Kiyonaga Torii’s aesthetic who were both famous for their elegantly elongated images of women. In 1788 Utamaro achieved wide recognition for his work when a number of albums of the highest compositional and technical quality aided him in this achievement. These albums were published by Tsutaya Juzaburo, the most famous publisher of his day, and with whom Utamaro would create a large amount of outstanding work. They joined forces to produce innovative designs, which included close-up portraits (okubi-e), three-quarter length portraits with shimmering mica powder background and a vast array of pictures of famous courtesans from Yoshiwara, the licensed red-light district. His style during this time is defined by graceful and elegant ladies, with rich and elaborate garments, posed in such a way that also revealed the inner beauty of the sitter. His favourite motifs were women at their everyday business, making themselves up, bathing, arranging their hair, walking in the garden, mothers with children, and pairs of lovers. 

Utamaro’s focus was always on character and expression. This type of portraits was unusual at the time, which Utamaro recognised and exploited, sometimes signing his work with ‘Utamaro the physiognomist’. Over the years, Utamaro also created shunga (erotic prints), although many these are unsigned due to their licentious nature and not being approved by governing authorities. Utamaro had a number of pupils, who took names such as Kikumaro (later Tsukimaro), Hidemaro, and Takemaro.

More Information
Print FormatOban (Vertical)
ArtistUtamaro I Kitagawa (1753 - 1806)
SubjectBeauty & Female, Male & Female
Size26 x 38.6 cm
Condition ReportCentrefold. Some restored holes. Stain and a restoration on upper edge. Some discolouration due to previous mounting.