Utamaro Kitagawa, Seated Woman, Beauty, Kiseru Pipe
Artist: Utamaro I Kitagawa (1753 – 1806)
Title: Seated Woman Holding a Kiseru Pipe and Reading Books
Series: The Seven Traditional Songs of Ono no Komachi
Publisher: Iseya Soemon
Date: circa 1791-1804
Size: 26.1 x 36.4 cm
Original Japanese woodblock print.
The print shows a courtesan leisurely smoking as she gazes at some verse. Regardless of class or gender, the Edo period saw a democratisation of knowledge, bringing literary culture into the reach of anyone who may have taken an interest. By preserving and familiarising themselves with the Japanese classical literature, the lower classes were able to claim cultural capital.
On the kimono of the courtesan, that has embossed detail, rests the publishers seal indicating some sort of relation or possession of this courtesan to the publisher. Utamaro took residence in the Yoshiwara pleasure quarters, giving him access to the daily lives of the courtesans that habituated it, and who most likely kept him up to date with current affairs and gossip. As Yoshiwara was akin to a salon for the Edo literati, the pleasure districts were not merely places of sensual enjoyment, but artistic centres offering unique sources of information.
Utamaro I Kitagawa (1753 - 1806)
Utamaro Kitagawa is one of the most significant figures in the history of Japanese art. He is best known for his bijinga (prints of beautiful women) and a series of nature studies. He was and remains one of the artists best known outside of Japan, along with Hokusai Katsushika and Hiroshige I Utagawa.
Born in 1753, he lived most of his life in Edo (today’s Tokyo) and in his childhood studied art under Sekien Toriyama (1712-1788). He later favoured Masanobu Kitao’s and Kiyonaga Torii’s aesthetic who were both famous for their elegantly elongated images of women. In 1788 Utamaro achieved wide recognition for his work when a number of albums of the highest compositional and technical quality aided him in this achievement. These albums were published by Tsutaya Juzaburo, the most famous publisher of his day, and with whom Utamaro would create a large amount of outstanding work. They joined forces to produce innovative designs, which included close-up portraits (okubi-e), three-quarter length portraits with shimmering mica powder background and a vast array of pictures of famous courtesans from Yoshiwara, the licensed red-light district. His style during this time is defined by graceful and elegant ladies, with rich and elaborate garments, posed in such a way that also revealed the inner beauty of the sitter. His favourite motifs were women at their everyday business, making themselves up, bathing, arranging their hair, walking in the garden, mothers with children, and pairs of lovers.
Utamaro’s focus was always on character and expression. This type of portraits was unusual at the time, which Utamaro recognised and exploited, sometimes signing his work with ‘Utamaro the physiognomist’. Over the years, Utamaro also created shunga (erotic prints), although many these are unsigned due to their licentious nature and not being approved by governing authorities. Utamaro had a number of pupils, who took names such as Kikumaro (later Tsukimaro), Hidemaro, and Takemaro.
|Print Format||Oban (Vertical)|
|Artist||Utamaro I Kitagawa (1753 - 1806)|
|Subject||Beauty & Female, Kimono Design|
|Size||26.1 x 36.4 cm|
|Condition Report||Thin areas, discolouration, slightly worn-out edges, light glue stains, some spots, paper residue on the back.|