Yoshitoshi Tsukioka, Theatre District, One Hundred Aspects of the Moon

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JG111759-1
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Artist: Yoshitoshi Tsukioka (1839-1892)
Title: Theatre District Dawn Moon (Shibaimachi no Akatsuki)
Series: One Hundred Aspects of the Moon
Publisher: Akiyama Buemon
Date: 1885
Size: 24.6 x 36.3 cm

Original Japanese woodblock print.

 

This print captures the mood of early morning in the Shibaimachi, the theatre district of Tokyo, where a night of entertainment is coming to an end. The stylish lady seems to be in a hurry. Elegant silhouettes can be seen in the background, probably on their way home. The promenaders have jackets over their kimonos and the lady in the foreground wears several layers of clothes, to the early morning air must be brisk.

 

The lady's blackened teeth and her hairstyle suggest that she is married. Her underlip is green, a detail often found in ukiyo-e prints with an aesthetic appeal that made it fashionable at the time. The sky has the purple glow of sunrise and the flatness of the colours suggest a misty air.

Yoshitoshi Tsukioka (1839 - 1892)


Yoshitoshi Tsukioka was one of the leading woodblock print artists during the Meiji era (1868-1912) and one of the last to work in the traditional ukiyo-e manner. Born in Edo (today’s Tokyo), he showed a strong interest in classical Japanese literature and history. When he was 11, he became a student at Kuniyoshi Utagawa’s studio. Under his teacher’s guidance, he showed exquisite draftsmanship and learned how to draw from life, something not necessarily part of the training schools of painting and illustration in Japan.

Yoshitoshi’s rise as an artist came at a time when Japan was faced with great changes and challenges. The new Meiji era (1868-1912) brought many conflicts between those loyal to tradition and those wishing to embark on a process of forced modernisation and adoption of western values. These sentiments, along with having witnessed some of the violent uprisings, influenced his early career, with intense, often disturbing images that reflect turmoil and pain. Even so, many other prints from this early period show whimsical touches, with reinterpretation of themes seen in his teacher Kuniyoshi’s works. With deep cultural roots, Yoshitoshi’s style was dynamic and distinctive: he was known for experimentation in style and genre, as well as for his innovative works. He worked on series depicting kabuki actors, bijinga (pictures of beautiful women), warriors, monsters and ghosts. Supernatural themes abound in his later work, showing a fascination for old Japanese folk stories.

The publishing of Yoshitoshi’s most popular series 'One Hundred Aspects of the Moon' commenced in 1885 and spanned a wide variety of subjects, such as warrior, animals, ghosts, natural phenomena, beauties and others. The artist’s early tendency for gore and horror was replaced by images of lyricism, calm, spirituality and psychological depth. 'Thirty-two Aspects of Customs and Manners', published in 1888, shows Yoshitoshi’s ability to portray emotions like no other artist of his time, presenting women of various background and eras in Japanese history, each with distinct traits.

In 1889, the series 'New Forms of Thirty-six Ghosts' started to be published, showing images of apparitions, mostly based on folklore and plays, depicted powerfully and imaginatively. This was, perhaps, a catharsis for the artist who claimed to have seen ghosts and strongly believed in supernatural beings. Many of Yoshitoshi’s late works were acclaimed at a time when western techniques of mass production such as photography were making the woodblock obsolete, breaking new ground by portraying intense human feelings through a traditional medium. He became a master teacher and had notable pupils such as Toshikata Mizuno and Toshihide Migita.

More Information
Print FormatOban (Vertical)
ArtistYoshitoshi Tsukioka (1839 - 1892)
SubjectBeauty & Female, Landscapes, Kimono Design
Size24.6 x 36.3 cm
Condition ReportBacked, minor spots and stains on the bottom half and along the top edge.
SeriesOne Hundred Aspects of the Moon::Yoshitoshi Tsukioka
publisherAkiyama Buemon:1882-1920