Yoshitoshi Tsukioka was one of the leading woodblock print artists during the Meiji era (1868-1912) and one of the last to work in the traditional ukiyo-e manner. Born in Edo (today’s Tokyo), he showed a strong interest in classical Japanese literature and history. When he was 11, he became a student at Kuniyoshi Utagawa’s studio. Under his teacher’s guidance, he showed exquisite draftsmanship and learned how to draw from life, something not necessarily part of the training schools of painting and illustration in Japan.

Yoshitoshi’s rise as an artist came at a time when Japan was faced with great changes and challenges. The new Meiji era (1868-1912) brought many conflicts between those loyal to tradition and those wishing to embark on a process of forced modernisation and adoption of western values. These sentiments, along with having witnessed some of the violent uprisings, influenced his early career, with intense, often disturbing images that reflect turmoil and pain. Even so, many other prints from this early period show whimsical touches, with reinterpretation of themes seen in his teacher Kuniyoshi’s works. With deep cultural roots, Yoshitoshi’s style was dynamic and distinctive: he was known for experimentation in style and genre, as well as for his innovative works. He worked on series depicting kabuki actors, bijinga (pictures of beautiful women), warriors, monsters and ghosts. Supernatural themes abound in his later work, showing a fascination for old Japanese folk stories.

The publishing of Yoshitoshi’s most popular series 'One Hundred Aspects of the Moon' commenced in 1885 and spanned a wide variety of subjects, such as warrior, animals, ghosts, natural phenomena, beauties and others. The artist’s early tendency for gore and horror was replaced by images of lyricism, calm, spirituality and psychological depth. 'Thirty-two Aspects of Customs and Manners', published in 1888, shows Yoshitoshi’s ability to portray emotions like no other artist of his time, presenting women of various background and eras in Japanese history, each with distinct traits.

In 1889, the series 'New Forms of Thirty-six Ghosts' started to be published, showing images of apparitions, mostly based on folklore and plays, depicted powerfully and imaginatively. This was, perhaps, a catharsis for the artist who claimed to have seen ghosts and strongly believed in supernatural beings. Many of Yoshitoshi’s late works were acclaimed at a time when western techniques of mass production such as photography were making the woodblock obsolete, breaking new ground by portraying intense human feelings through a traditional medium. He became a master teacher and had notable pupils such as Toshikata Mizuno and Toshihide Migita.

Yoshitoshi Tsukioka 月岡芳年 (1839 - 1892)

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  1. Chikanobu Yoshu
  2. Chikashige Morikawa
  3. Chikayoshi Gokyoro
  4. Chikayoshi Toyohara
  5. Choki Eishosai
  6. Eiri Rekisentei
  7. Eisen Keisai
  8. Eishi Chobunsai
  9. Eisho Chokosai
  10. Eizan Kikugawa
  11. Fusatane Utagawa
  12. Gekko Ogata
  13. Ginko Adachi
  14. Goyo Hashiguchi
  15. Hakuga Koikawa
  16. Harunobu Suzuki
  17. Hasui Kawase
  18. Hidemaro Kitagawa
  19. Hiroshi Yoshida
  20. Hiroshige I Utagawa (Hiroshige Ando)
  21. Hiroshige II Utagawa
  22. Hiroshige III Utagawa
  23. Hisakuni Utagawa
  24. Hokoku Kitamura
  25. Hokusai Katsushika
  26. Ikkei Shosai
  27. Junichiro Sekino
  28. Kaoru Kawano
  29. Kiyochika Kobayashi
  30. Kiyonaga Torii
  31. Koryusai Isoda
  32. Kotondo Torii
  33. Kuniaki II Utagawa
  34. Kunichika Toyohara
  35. Kunifuku Utagawa
  36. Kunihiko Utagawa
  37. Kuninao Utagawa
  38. Kuniteru Utagawa
  39. Kuniteru (Kunitsuna) II Utagawa
  40. Kunitoshi Utagawa
  41. Kuniyasu Utagawa
  42. Kuniyasu Utagawa (Haruaki Sekisai)
  43. Kuniyoshi Utagawa
  44. Kyosui Kawanabe
  45. Mokuchu Urushibara
  46. Morikane Narita
  47. Nobukazu Yosai
  48. Paul Binnie
  49. Paul Jacoulet
  50. Sadahide Utagawa
  51. Sekijo Juka
  52. Sencho Teisai
  53. Sentaro Iwata
  54. Shigenobu Yanagawa
  55. Shikimaro Kitagawa
  56. Shinsui Ito
  57. Shiro Kasamatsu
  58. Shogetsu Toshu
  59. Shoun Yamamoto
  60. Shuncho Katsukawa
  61. Shunsen Katsukawa
  62. Shunsho Katsukawa
  63. Shuntei Miyagawa
  64. Shunzan Katsukawa
  65. Tankei Inoue
  66. Tomoyo Jinbo
  67. Toraji Ishikawa
  68. Toshihide Migita
  69. Toshikata Mizuno
  70. Toyokuni I Utagawa
  71. Toyokuni II Utagawa
  72. Toyokuni III Utagawa (Kunisada I)
  73. Toyokuni IV Utagawa (Kunisada II)
  74. Kunisada III Utagawa
  75. Toyonobu Utagawa
  76. Tsukimaro Kitagawa
  77. Tsunetomi Kitano
  78. Utamaro I Kitagawa
  79. Utamaro II Kitagawa
  80. Yoshiiku Utagawa
  81. Yoshikazu Utagawa
  82. Yoshitora Utagawa
  83. Yoshitoshi Tsukioka
  84. Zeshin Shibata
  85. Unsigned
  86. Ryukoku Hishikawa
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