Eizan Kikugawa, Courtesans, Hashira-e, Pillar Print
Artist: Eizan Kikugawa (1787-1867)
Date: early 19th century
Size: 10 x 58.8 cm
Original Japanese woodblock print.
Hashira-e, or pillar prints, is a narrow print format originally intended for decoration of the supporting pillars in traditional Japanese houses. The prints would have been pasted to the pillars and exposed to the elements of the Japanese household, making those that have survived very rare collectibles. While these more unusual sizes present their own challenges to the printing process, they also allow the artist to be experimental, imaginative, and innovative with the design’s compositional limitations.
Subjects range from the traditional portrayals of bijin (beautiful women) to legendary figures and heroes, to birds and flowers, in a limited space brimming with artistic imagination and expression.
Within Japanese Art, Eizan Kikugawa is often referred to as one of the great masters of the beauty print genre, but this has not always been the case. He is believed to have started quite young, mostly creating beauty prints in Utamaro’s style in the beginning. Later in life, Eizan discovered his own style, while still showing the influence of Utamaro in the sensitivity, expressive sensuality and erotic charm of his work.
Eizan supposedly produced his first proper work in his teen years. It went on to be published, which is an unusual accomplishment. It is also believed that he managed to become an accomplished artist by the age of 21. A particular artistic innovation, the scroll format, which is a vertical oban diptych that was popular in the late 1830s, is thought to have been invented by this artist. The craft of woodblock printing lay in Eizan’s family. He was born as a son of Eiji Kikugawa who was a Kano-style painter. Studying with his father, and with Suzuki Nanrei later on, Eizan was also influenced by the works of Hokkei. The latter was an old friend of Eizan and the student of another master of ukiyo-e, Hokusai. Eizan himself had a few students, none of whom achieved the same heights of fame as their teacher, with the exception of Eisen. This is where the relationship of teacher and student became a little complicated: Eisen himself had a number of students collectively called Kikugawa school, but Eizan is regarded to be the school’s founder. The artist remained unmarried and childless and is believed to have been looked after by one of his students during his later years.
|Print Format||Hashira-e (Pillar Print)|
|Subject||Beauty & Female|
|Dimensions||10 x 58.8 cm|
|Condition Report||Top and bottom panels attached. Some holes have been restored. Light creases at the top. Discolouration and soiling. Light backing.|