Hiroshige Ando, Yoshitsune’s Cherry Tree, The Fifty-Three Stations of the Tokaido Road
Artist: Hiroshige Ando (1797-1858)
Title: 45. Ishiyakushi: Yoshitsune's Cherry Tree and the Shrine of Noriyori
Series: The Fifty-Three Stations of the Tokaido Road
Publisher: Tsutaya Kichizo
Dimensions: 24.2 x 36 cm
Original Japanese woodblock print.
This spring scene in one of the post stations along the Tokaido Road was famously depicted by Vincent van Gogh in his Portrait of Père Tanguy (1887). When Japanese woodblock prints began to circulate around Europe in the late nineteenth century, they caused a sensation among artists tired of the dominant conservative style of the academies. What had been regarded as common culture by the townsmen class of Japan, was seen as high art by many European artists inspired by the striking compositions and surreal palette used in these woodblock prints.
Hiroshige Ando’s rural depiction of farmers out on the rice fields beside a blooming kabazakura, a birch-like cherry tree known locally in Ishiyakushi as Yoshitsune’s cherry tree, clearly caught the attention of van Gogh who decided to include it in his work.
|Print Format||Oban (Vertical)|
|Artist Name||Hiroshige I Utagawa (Hiroshige Ando)|
|Title||Ishiyakushi - Yoshitsune’s Cherry Tree and the Shrine of Noriyori|
|Dimensions||36 x 24.2 cm|
|Condition Report||Pinholes. Horizontal centrefold.|
|Series||The Fifty-Three Stations of the Tokaido|
Hiroshige I Utagawa (Hiroshige Ando)
Hiroshige I Utagawa was a woodblock print artist best known for his landscape prints and considered as one of the greatest Japanese artists in ukiyo-e history to have influenced Western impressionists, such as Van Gogh and Claude Monet. Born in Edo (today’s Tokyo), he started sketching from an early age and was later accepted into Toyokuni I Utagawa’s highly successful studio mostly under the guidance of Toyohiro Utagawa (1773-1828), from whom he would adopt his art name. He also took nanga painting lessons that had a great influence on his later work.
In 1831 his first landscape series ‘Famous Places of The Eastern Capital’ (Toto Meisho) was published and the following year Hiroshige passed on his family responsibilities to his relatives to dedicate his entire energy to printmaking. In 1832, it is said that Hiroshige was appointed by Bakufu, the feudal government of Japan, to accompany an official procession from Edo to Kyoto along the Tokaido road. The artist made many sketches during this journey, resulting in the production of his most acclaimed series ‘Fifty-three Stations of the Tokaido Road’, although some of the designs are based on older available images. To be noted that it was rare for an artist (and regular people in general) to be able to travel and sketch landscapes from life during the Edo period, which makes some scholars believe that Hiroshige depicted most scenes entirely from his imagination.
The ten-year period of 1833-1843 is thought to have been Hiroshige’s most developed and innovative time as an artist. A lot of series that were produced during this time, such as ‘Sixty-nine Stations of Kisokaido Road’, ‘Eight Views of Omi’ and ‘Famous Places of Kyoto’, would lead to the peak of his career when he produced the ‘Famous Views of the Sixty-odd Provinces’, ‘Thirty-six Views of Mt Fuji’ and his last great series, ‘One Hundred Famous Views of Edo’. In addition to his landscape prints, Hiroshige also designed kacho-ga (pictures of birds and flowers), bijinga (pictures of beautiful women), yakusha-e (pictures of actors), warriors and historical subjects.
Hiroshige’s prints are particularly sought for their perspective and excellent bokashi (colour gradation). Careful overprinting and shading of colours bring to life many natural elements such as the sky or water, rocks and mountains. An appreciation for wood pattern can also be noted in Hiroshige’s prints, with certain designs showing a unique texture and an organic quality deeply cherished by collectors. As many other reputable artists, he also had many students, some of the most famous being Hiroshige II Utagawa and Hirokage Utagawa.