Hokusai Katsushika, View of Atagoyama, Edo, Landscape
Artist: Hokusai Katsushika (1760-1849)
Title: View of Atagoyama
Series: Fine Views of Edo at a Glance
Publisher: Tsutaya Juzaburo
Dimensions: 30.4 x 26.2 cm
Original Japanese woodblock print.
Fine Views of Edo in a Glance (Toto Shokei Ichiran) is 2 volumes illustrated book depicting sights of Edo with accompanying kyoka (humorous verses).
Atagoyama is a small mountain with Atago shrine on top of it. The shrine was built in 1603, on the order of Tokugawa Iyeyasu, to protect Edo from fires and other disasters. According to legend, when asked to bring a branch of a plum tree from the top of the hill to the shōgun, only one samurai dared to do the task. He valiantly rode up the stairs on his horse and brought back blossoming plums. Thereafter, he became well known for his riding skills. Thus, the stone stairs leading to the shrine are called 'The Stairway of Success' (Shusse no Ishidan).
Hokusai depicts the stairs among the greenery. Travellers climb up and down, fatigue clearly expressed on their faces. Top of the print is ornamented with kyoka verses, closely connected to the Mount Atago.
Hokusai Katsushika is considered to be one of the greatest artists within Japan as well as the entire art community worldwide. While prints of beautiful women (bijinga) and prints of actors (yakusha-e) were popular in the ukiyo-e during that time, Hokusai distinguished himself in a new field in ukiyo-e, landscapes. Born in Edo (today’s Tokyo), he initially trained as an engraver. At the age of 18 he became a student of Katsukawa Shunsho (1726-1792) producing kabuki actors prints.
Hokusai devoted almost all of his 90 years of life to drawing and painting. Never satisfied with one technique or mastering one style of drawing, he always sought to improve as an artist. In the mid-1810s, the first volume of ‘Hokusai’s Manga’ was published. This series of sketchbooks consists of 15 volumes in total, covering a wide variety of subjects and is often referred to as a series of instructional drawing manuals intended to serve as a kind of textbooks for those who wanted to become artists.
In the early 1820s, Hokusai started working on the series ‘Thirty-six Views of Mt. Fuji’, which was finally published in 1830. It is certainly his most famous body of work and is often considered his best. The series actually consists of 46 images, with designs such as ‘The Great Wave off Kanagawa’, ‘Fine Wind, Clear Weather’, and ‘Rain Storm Beneath the Summit’, known worldwide. His other famous series ‘A Tour of the Waterfalls of the Provinces’ also appeared around this time period. In the mid-1830s, his illustrated book ‘One Hundred Views of Mt. Fuji’ was published. Filled with depictions of the mountain in often dynamic compositions, this book, alongside ‘Thirty-six Views of Mt. Fuji’, established Hokusai as the ‘Mt. Fuji artist’.
His last major print series, 'One Hundred Poems Narrated by the Nurse', was published between 1835 and 1838. After that, the artist focused on Japanese traditional paintings until his death.
Hokusai used over 50 names to sign his works and had achievements in various fields as an artist. His influences stretched across the globe to his western contemporaries in nineteenth-century Europe with Japonism, which started with a craze for collecting Japanese art, particularly ukiyo-e. He influenced the Impressionism movement, with themes echoing his work appearing in the work of Claude Monet and Pierre-Auguste Renoir, as well as the Art Nouveau style.
|Print Format||Double Page|
|Subject||Male & Female, Landscapes, Flowers & Botanical|
|Dimensions||30.4 x 26.2 cm|
|Condition Report||Pages bound together. Residue tape from previous mounting.|