Yoshitoshi Tsukioka, The Tale of Shirakiya, A New Selection of Eastern Brocade Pictures


Artist: Yoshitoshi Tsukioka (1839-1892)
Title: The Tale of Shirakiya
Series: A New Selection of Eastern Brocade Pictures
Publisher: Tsunajima Kamekichi
Date: 1886
Size: (L) 35.6 x 23.7 (R) 35.5 x 24.4 cm

Original Japanese woodblock print.

yoshitoshi tsukioka, The Tale of Shirakiya
yoshitoshi tsukioka, The Tale of Shirakiya yoshitoshi tsukioka, The Tale of Shirakiya

Yoshitoshi designed the series 'A New Selection of Eastern Brocade Pictures' when he was at the peak of his career. During this time he was also working on his acclaimed 'One Hundred Aspects of the Moon' and another series of vertical diptychs that are today considered highlights of the artist's career. 'A New Selection of Eastern Brocade Pictures' was extremely popular and some images were reprinted until the blocks were extremely worn. The subject matter of the set is mostly derived from classical Japanese historical or mythical stories, sometimes in versions known in kabuki theatre dramatisations.

This design is based on the story of Okuma of the Shirokiya, whose family runs a lumber house. The mother arranges for her daughter marriage with a wealthy man, but Okuma is secretly in love with the man's head clerk, Chushichi. In order to escape the ordeal, the lovers initially prepare to run away together and commit suicide, but they are soon offered another plan. When a traveling barber called Shinza arrives, Chushichi agrees to have his hair done. The crooked barber comes up with a scheme to kidnap Okuma and ransom her, so that Chushichi can win favour by rescuing her.

Yoshitoshi depicts Okuma in the doorway, fidgeting with a handkerchief as the plot is devised. Chushichi, on the other hand, is portrayed in a rather amusing way, wincing in pain as his hair is being pulled into a knot by Shinza. The barber looks on towards Okuma, scheming a different plan altogether, that of kidnaping the girl, losing Chushichi and keeping the ransom to himself.

Yoshitoshi Tsukioka

Yoshitoshi Tsukioka was one of the leading woodblock print artists during the Meiji era (1868-1912) and one of the last to work in the traditional ukiyo-e manner. Born in Edo (today’s Tokyo), he showed a strong interest in classical Japanese literature and history. When he was 11, he became a student at Kuniyoshi Utagawa’s studio. Under his teacher’s guidance, he showed exquisite draftsmanship and learned how to draw from life, something not necessarily part of the training schools of painting and illustration in Japan.

Yoshitoshi’s rise as an artist came at a time when Japan was faced with great changes and challenges. The new Meiji era (1868-1912) brought many conflicts between those loyal to tradition and those wishing to embark on a process of forced modernisation and adoption of western values. These sentiments, along with having witnessed some of the violent uprisings, influenced his early career, with intense, often disturbing images that reflect turmoil and pain. Even so, many other prints from this early period show whimsical touches, with reinterpretation of themes seen in his teacher Kuniyoshi’s works. With deep cultural roots, Yoshitoshi’s style was dynamic and distinctive: he was known for experimentation in style and genre, as well as for his innovative works. He worked on series depicting kabuki actors, bijinga (pictures of beautiful women), warriors, monsters and ghosts. Supernatural themes abound in his later work, showing a fascination for old Japanese folk stories.

The publishing of Yoshitoshi’s most popular series 'One Hundred Aspects of the Moon' commenced in 1885 and spanned a wide variety of subjects, such as warrior, animals, ghosts, natural phenomena, beauties and others. The artist’s early tendency for gore and horror was replaced by images of lyricism, calm, spirituality and psychological depth. 'Thirty-two Aspects of Customs and Manners', published in 1888, shows Yoshitoshi’s ability to portray emotions like no other artist of his time, presenting women of various background and eras in Japanese history, each with distinct traits.

In 1889, the series 'New Forms of Thirty-six Ghosts' started to be published, showing images of apparitions, mostly based on folklore and plays, depicted powerfully and imaginatively. This was, perhaps, a catharsis for the artist who claimed to have seen ghosts and strongly believed in supernatural beings. Many of Yoshitoshi’s late works were acclaimed at a time when western techniques of mass production such as photography were making the woodblock obsolete, breaking new ground by portraying intense human feelings through a traditional medium. He became a master teacher and had notable pupils such as Toshikata Mizuno and Toshihide Migita.

More Information
Print FormatDiptych
ArtistYoshitoshi Tsukioka
SubjectMale & Female, Kabuki Theatre
Dimensions(L) 35.6 x 23.7 (R) 35.5 x 24.4 cm
Condition ReportBacked, slightly trimmed, partly misprinted and soiled, discoloured due to sunlight.
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