Artist: Yoshitoshi Tsukioka (1839-1892)
Title: 2. Relaxed – Kyoto geisha during the Kansei period
Series: Thirty-Two Aspects of Customs and Manners
Publisher: Tsujiokaya Kamekichi
A print from Yoshitoshi’s series ‘Thirty-Two Aspects of Customs and Manners’, which chronologically depicts different women from the Kansei era (1789-1801) to the Meiji era (1860-1912). The Kansei era was marked by reactionary reforms put in place to rectify the perceived excesses of the Japanese shogunate, limiting trade with other nations by enforcing a stricter closed door policy. In contrast, the Meiji era saw Japan opening up to the West and even adopting some of its culture and politics. Yoshitoshi interestingly depicts this dramatically eventful history through women of various background and sentiment. In this print, a Geisha from Kyoto is shown in a relaxed and almost playful pose.