Utamaro Kitagawa, Courtesans, Fukujin Eho Asobi
Artist: Utamaro Kitagawa (1753-1806)
Title: Courtesans enjoying the game, Fukujin Eho Asobi
Date: early 19th century
25.7 x 39 cm
Original Japanese woodblock print.
Benzaiten's origin is found in Hinduism, as she comes from the Hindu goddess Saraswati. When she was adapted from Buddhism, she was given the attributes of financial fortune, talent, beauty and music among others. On many occasions, her figure appears in the "Torii" (entrance of the temples). It is common to see her in the Japanese temples. She is represented as a smart, beautiful woman with all the aforementioned attributes. She carries a biwa, a Japanese traditional lute-like instrument and is normally accompanied by a white snake. She is the patron of artists, writers, dancers, and geisha, among others.
Utamaro I Kitagawa
Utamaro Kitagawa is one of the most significant figures in the history of Japanese art. He is best known for his bijinga (prints of beautiful women) and a series of nature studies. He was and remains one of the artists best known outside of Japan, along with Hokusai Katsushika and Hiroshige I Utagawa.
Born in 1753, he lived most of his life in Edo (today’s Tokyo) and in his childhood studied art under Sekien Toriyama (1712-1788). He later favoured Masanobu Kitao’s and Kiyonaga Torii’s aesthetic who were both famous for their elegantly elongated images of women. In 1788 Utamaro achieved wide recognition for his work when a number of albums of the highest compositional and technical quality aided him in this achievement. These albums were published by Tsutaya Juzaburo, the most famous publisher of his day, and with whom Utamaro would create a large amount of outstanding work. They joined forces to produce innovative designs, which included close-up portraits (okubi-e), three-quarter length portraits with shimmering mica powder background and a vast array of pictures of famous courtesans from Yoshiwara, the licensed red-light district. His style during this time is defined by graceful and elegant ladies, with rich and elaborate garments, posed in such a way that also revealed the inner beauty of the sitter. His favourite motifs were women at their everyday business, making themselves up, bathing, arranging their hair, walking in the garden, mothers with children, and pairs of lovers.
Utamaro’s focus was always on character and expression. This type of portraits was unusual at the time, which Utamaro recognised and exploited, sometimes signing his work with ‘Utamaro the physiognomist’. Over the years, Utamaro also created shunga (erotic prints), although many these are unsigned due to their licentious nature and not being approved by governing authorities. Utamaro had a number of pupils, who took names such as Kikumaro (later Tsukimaro), Hidemaro, and Takemaro.
|Print Format||Oban (Vertical)|
|Artist Name||Utamaro I Kitagawa|
|Subject||Beauty & Female, Kimono Design|
|Dimensions||25.7 x 39 cm|
|Condition Report||Paper slightly yellowed, minor creases, small remain from a previous mounting, light foxing, slightly worn-out in the centre.|